(Girl With Her Head in a Book did a lovely post on Top Ten Irritating Book Characters. One of the characters she listed was Susan, the responsible big sister in Chronicles of Narnia. And that is how this train of thought started.)
Narnia is a series that I remember so fondly. Throughout my elementary school years, my dad was primarily the evening read-aloud parent and we plowed through so many classic children's books together-Alice in Wonderland, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer, A Wrinkle in Time and Meet the Austins, Matilda, and so many more. And, of course, The Chronicles of Narnia made it onto the list. I remember loving them. I wept bitterly through Aslan's death and resurrection and laughed at dear Mr. Tumnus and all of the other wonderful characters. Narnia is one of those books that will live on in my memory probably forever. Then I picked up the books again at some point recently (maybe 2 years ago?) and I began to notice new elements.
Of course, by the time I read the books again recently, I was well acquainted with C.S. Lewis and had enjoyed The Great Divorce and the Screwtape Letters and Mere Christianity and all of those books. And I really do admire Lewis as a thinker and a Christian. However, I also came to realize that he was very much a man of his time and his opinions come through loud and clear.
Of course, it's a pretty much universally known piece of information that Narnia is one great biblical analogy. The books are about the Christian story, starting with the new worlds created when Edmund and Lucy jump into the pools in The Magician's Nephew and ending with the Book of Revelation-filled The Last Battle. Aslan is, of course, Jesus and the four children are everyman/everywoman/other biblical characters as needed. The evil white witch is, I suppose, Satan. You could go into a whole analysis of why the representation of evil is a human female and I know that many people have. But I'm getting ahead of myself.
The thing that drove me wild while reading these books recently was that C.S. Lewis was sexist as all get out. I think it's interesting that this came out most in a children's book. It didn't cross my mind when I was reading, say Mere Christianity, but the message is loud and clear throughout most of the book. I think that we can say very mildly that Lewis did not, ahem, have a very contemporary view of gender and race.
Susan, in particular, bothered me. She goes from being the personality-less big sister whose sole purpose in life is being the stable Martha-like (as in the Mary and Martha story) character to being cast out of Narnia because she has become interested in makeup and parties. This struck me as so strange and I will confess to be annoyed to no end on behalf of all big sisters everywhere. And then there's the white witch and her other evil counterpart who appears in The Silver Chair, The Lady of the Green Kirtle, or the Emerald Witch. There were some weird comparisons to Eve in the Garden of Eden at the beginning of The Magician's Nephew. Those are just a few off the top of my head.
The other thing I cringed over was the racism in the Horse and His Boy. I mean, it was bad enough that I was cringing while reading. Sheesh, did he really just say that? And that does make a book uncomfortable to read. The portrayal of the Calormens is hard to take at best; they are every Middle Eastern stereotype you've ever heard. And the way that they are constantly contrasted with the fair people of Narnia made me gag.
It gives me a bit of a pang to admit all of this. See, I still absolutely adore Narnia. The imagery is some of the best out there, the characters are all lovable and the plot is perfectly crafted. I would be loath to tell any parent not to read these books to their children. On the contrary, if I were running the world, I would insist on every parent reading these books to all of their children, simply for the beautiful storytelling. There are some pretty wonderful truths throughout the books that I think everybody should hear, like sibling loyalty and the importance of a culture and, oh, a thousand things. I could write a whole series of posts on things that Narnia taught me.
So I wonder, am I overreacting? Should I treat Narnia like I would any old book-appreciating the good stories and the wonderful things they have to offer, while also acknowledging that we have moved on in some ways in our modern world? And the thing is, all authors are human and, therefore, all authors are flawed and products of their times and places. Can any book ever be perfect?
I'm not sure why this book struck me particularly. Perhaps because it was such a crucial book in my childhood, or maybe just because it's such good writing. Maybe if the writing were less that perfect, I would be willing to write off the author's flaws more easily. Is it because C. S. Lewis is such a good, good writer that it is harder to acknowledge his personal flaws?
So those are my Narnia musings, all set off by a simple comment and having read the books recently. Now, tell me, what are your thoughts on Narnia? Should it get a free pass on any kind of scrutiny because it is such beloved and wonderful writing? Should we just throw it out and stop romanticizing over the writing? Or should we strike some kind of happy medium of acknowledging it's problems while also accepting that this is some of the loveliest children's fiction out there?